Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev was born on March 2, 1931 in Privolnoye,
Stavropol province. He went to Moscow Univerisity where he graduated in Law.
Mikhail Gorbachev joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1952 and acted
as First Secretary of Stavropol City Committee of Komsomol (1955-1958). He was later
elected to the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union as a
Member in 1971. From 1978-1985 he served as Secretary of the Central Committee with
responsibility for agriculture. From 1985 to 1991 Mikhail Gorbachev was the General
Secretary of the Communist Party. He also served as Deputy Chairman of the Supreme
Soviet from 1970-1990 and acted as Chairman for the Foreign Affairs Committee of the
Soviet of the Union in 1984-85. From 1985 to 1990 he was a Member in the Presidium
of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, serving as its President (1989-1990). He served as
President of the USSR in 1990-1991.
Mikhail Gorbachev was the world?s most important individual in the late 1980?s
because he was not like any of his predecessors. He changed the system significantly by
breaking up the Soviet Union and the release of the Eastern Bloc countries. Gorbachev
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