REGD. NO: BCSM/2015/30314

1. a) Effects of Non-cooperation of the Stakeholders in Community Policing in the Society.
Society must adopt a consultative and participatory approaches to preventing and reducing crime which will involve all the stakeholders and all sectors of society, including non-governmental organizations, academia and the private sector. Communities as the key stakeholders need to be consulted on the problems they face and how to tackle them so that crime can be tackled effectively. Community participation in crime prevention and criminal justice involves the active cooperation of local residents and organizations. Community policing brings police and citizens together to prevent crime and solve society problems.
In the event of failure of cooperation between the stakeholders, myriads of effects will arise some of which includes the following:
Effect on crime.
Non-cooperation of the stakeholders in Community policing in the society can lead to rise or escalation of crime levels compared to areas that have maximum cooperation between stakeholders. With community policing, the emphasis is on stopping crime before it happens, not responding to calls for service after the crime occurs. Therefore, lack of cooperation for example between the police and the communities can lead to responding to calls hours after the occurrence of a crime. The building of trust, cooperation and changing the relationship between police and community, may enable citizens to be willing to report crime and public order related behavior more than before.
Increase in the fear of crime
One of the aims of community policing is the reduction of fear of crime. It is important to note that police foot patrol are viewed positively by citizens and are reporting a reduction of fear of crime. Lack of coordination and cooperation between the community and the police may have an adverse negative effect on the reduction of fear of crime.
Police-community relations.
Increased cooperation between the police and local residents increases satisfaction with police services on both sides within the society. This will in effect tremendously improve the relationship between citizens and the police. Non-cooperation between these two stakeholders will lead to deterioration of relations.

Police-community problem solving.
There will be decreased police-community problem solving due to non-cooperation and involvement of those key stakeholders. Community policing promises increased police-community cooperation by facilitating problem solving. Lack of cooperation will lead Police officers to be unwilling to explore alternatives to law enforcement in order to tackle the underlying causes of community problems. An important element of this process is that the police are unable to work closely with other local government and community organizations.
1 b) The benefits of community policing.