Entrepreneurship And Gender

Entrepreneurship And Gender

Entrepreneurship and Gender-Related Issues:
Does Gender Make a Difference

Abstract
This literature review examined the differences between male and female entrepreneurs and small business owners, concentrating on five selected topics: differences in motivations for small-business start-ups, discrepancy in education and managerial skills among genders, differences in leadership styles, gender and industry choice, and organizational performance. The review examined a number of articles from scholarly business journals. There were differences in industry selection, amount and quality of managerial experience, family obligations, and income discrepancy. Despite these differences, women were not any less successful than men in managing a small business. Gender played a minor role in leadership styles, education, and motivations. It did not, however, determine the degree of business success.

Introduction
While ownership of small businesses has been predominantly male over the course of history, the last half of the 20th century demonstrated a remarkable increase in the number of female entrepreneurs. This great influx of women into small-business ownership has spurred numerous studies on gender-related issues, including but not limited to leadership styles, motivations, success and survival rates, organizational performance, and income disparities. As the studies produced dissimilar results over the years, this paper will present

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