1 Explain employees’ roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection Infection control is a major cause of human suffering relatively minor infections can become more serious leading to a major infection in some cases lead to patient death in addition to patient suffering distress to family and friends

1 Explain employees’ roles and responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection
Infection control is a major cause of human suffering relatively minor infections can become more serious leading to a major infection in some cases lead to patient death in addition to patient suffering distress to family and friends. For all these reasons prevention control of infection issues of great practical importance for every health care worker. It is important for us to protect our own environment and the work place that will have appropriate guidelines policies to control infection and it is important for us to locate and understand these
• maintaining good personal hygiene
• disposing of waste correctly
• keeping equipment clean
• wearing clean PPE
• attending infection control training keeping up in date
• reporting potential hazards
• Take reasonable care for their own safety
• Cooperate with employer in respect of health and safety
• Use protective equipment provided by employer
• Attended training provided by the employer
2 Explain employers’ responsibilities in relation to the prevention and control of infection
All employees are responsible for taking action to prevent to prevent the spread of infection, in accordance legislation and local organisational policies and procedures are also personal and moral responsibilities as a member of our caring society and profession
• provide safety
• carry out risk assessment to assess danger of certain work activities
• provide good training for staff
• provide good personal protective equipment / good practice
• ensure the regular health and safety check undertaken
Understand legislation and policies relating to prevention and control of infections
1 Outline current legislation and regulatory body standards which are relevant to the prevention and control of infection
As a care worker you need to understand the importance of and the need for personal protective equipment like using disposable gloves and aprons it is common practice with the employers to provide both gloves and aprons you should not carry out any task involving bodily fluids without using aprons and gloves
• COSHH Regulation 2002- this hazardous is use with in work place includes chemicals, disinfectants in care setting
• RIDDOR Regulation 1995- this regulations provide legal requirements recorded and reported all accidents with in the work place to minimise diseases
• provide and maintain clean appropriate environments in manage premises and facilities to control infection
• provide suitable accurate information on infection to any person concern with providing further support
• ensure that all staff and those employed to provide care in all setting are fully involve the process of preventing and controlling infection
2) Describe local and organisational policies relevant to the prevention and control of infection
For all this reason prevention control of infection are issues of every great practical importance for every health care worker
• personal hygiene requirements
• achieve good personal hand hygiene
• safe handling disposal of chemical waste
• apply standard precaution
• maintaining clean environments
• records and reports accidents and incidents
• safe disposal of personal protective equipment
Understand systems and procedures relating to the prevention and control of infections
1) Describe procedures and systems relevant to the prevention and control of infection
• general cleaning- is very important and its role in the fight against infection we should not be underestimated
• dis-infection- is the process of taken general cleaning which aims to reduce the number of pathogenic organism that presents on surface
• sterilisation- is process of killing micro-organism and their resistant spores
2) Explain the potential impact of an outbreak of infection on the individual and the organisation
The outbreak of an infection with in the care setting can have serious consequences for both people and the care organisation people who acquired medical treatment to deal with infection such antibiotic therapy. Every care worker has a duty of care to ensure that minimising the risk the main way is to achieve by having an awareness of responsibility under the organisation. Adapting safe practice including the use of standard precautions effective hand washing and attending regular training
Understand the importance of risk assessment in relation to the prevention and control of infections
1 Define the term risk – the possible that someone will be harmed or something will be damage by the hazards. Avoid manual handling activities where it is reasonably practicable to do so and where it is not assess the risk and take steps to reduce it so far as is reasonably practicable
2 Outline potential risks of infection within the workplace
The first aid personal workers may be at risk of exposure to infectious disease or biological hazards if they receive the skin penetrating injury such as needles if blood or body substance comes into contact with broken skin, open wounds, contaminated equipment or materials are used
1) The person being supported
• age – the old and weaker immune system
• immune status- those person who has low immune system those who have receiving chemotherapy increase of having infection because of their low immunity makes them difficult to fight infection
• nutritional status- the people who are malnourish often to have a weaker immune system are more susceptible to infection
• Invasive therapy
• drug therapy- people taking antibiotics can be risk of acquiring infection
2) Relatives friends and visitors
3) The care worker- friends and relatives can be expose to number of potential infection with in the work place like colds, flu, diarrhoea, vomiting
4) The environment- where people are being cared for and where you work must keep clean as possible
5) The equipment-

3) Describe the process of carrying out a risk assessment
Risk assessment is part of good management it can be used to determine the risk to people from the physical work place activities that are