Your Name Teacher’s Name Class Name March 5

Your Name
Teacher’s Name
Class Name
March 5, 2018
Unit 3
A hazard is something around you that could make hurt you. There are distinctive kinds of hazards, wellbeing dangers are occurrences that could prompt somebody getting sick. Wellbeing hazards are occurrences which can prompt somebody getting harmed and harm to a property or building. Security risks are about gatecrashers who put benefit clients at hurt, for instance, burglary of the building; benefit clients being taken without the assent and getting to classified data with no assent. Ecological dangers are things inside your condition which could make hurt customers and staff. Natural hazards incorporate things, for example, the temperature of rooms, the contamination, objects and numerous others. A natural hazard that could put customers in danger of mischief is poor lighting inside a room. This can influence those elderly customers who have poor vision; poor lighting makes it difficult to see while moving around this could prompt somebody stumbling over and falling, it is likewise baffling for the customer and could cause perplexity. It is essential that inside the care home no items are left on the floor, the floors ought to be spotless, they shouldn’t be left wet and on the off chance that they are wet at that point there ought to be a sign there to help the hazard and this is so the customers are protected to stroll around without the danger of them getting hurt.
On the off chance that the room temperature is set too high or too low this can be hazardous to the customers, as they have turned out to be more established their resistant frameworks have turned out to be weaker which implies that they can get sicknesses rapidly and it is hard for them to keep up their body temperature. In the event that the temperature in a customer’s room is determined to low this could then prompt the customer getting a chilly and a hack. On the off chance that the temperature in a customer’s room is set too high and the customer is unconscious of it, it would then be able to put the customer in danger of getting to be dried out and may sweat because of their body being over warmed. In mind homes, it is imperative that each room is fitted with focal warming along these lines the temperature of rooms can be physically set to address the scratch’s issues.
In a care home, it is imperative that all hardware is utilized accurately and securely keeping in mind the end goal to guarantee your customers and staff are not in danger of mischief. Dangers from hardware incorporate things, for example, hazardous practice, poor upkeep, how clean the place is and some more. In the family room of the care home, there will be a ton of electrical gear, it is vital that there are no finished stacked fitting attachments, if there are any finished stacking plug attachments then it puts both the customers and the staff in danger of being shocked in the event that they touch it. All electrical ought to be checked frequently to check whether they are still in the great working request and still are sheltered to utilize. It is critical that inside the care home there is a general upkeep check and this is recorded. This is on account of if the hardware isn’t protected to utilize however is as yet being utilized unconscious by the customers and it puts them at threat as the gear could blow a circuit and harm them. For instance, the pot in the kitchen was last checked two months back; inside the two months an issue could have happened without anybody knowing and when somebody utilizes it; it at that point makes damage them. This is the reason it is imperative that all electrical’s are checked routinely to guarantee security.
A noteworthy excursion danger could be wires left on the floor, for instance, if an individual from staff is utilizing the hoover to clean the customers rooms and have gone from one space to the next while leaving the wire on the floor; any individual who is strolling past could be in danger of falling and stumbling over the wire. Regardless of whether it is an individual from staff who is supporting a customer around the lobby or a customer who has poor portability and is endeavoring to get around and does not see the wire at that point winds up falling over, this at that point could prompt them having sprained bones and some may experience the ill effects of broken bones. While working in mind settings it is critical that you think about contamination control. Not just for the security of your administration clients yet for your own wellbeing and wellbeing too. In the event that disease control isn’t controlled, it can prompt individuals getting sick and particularly in a care home setting like so where elderly grown-ups are they are in danger of rapidly getting sick and contaminations. This is on account of as they have turned out to be more established their body has gradually debilitated which implies that their resistant framework isn’t as solid as previously and battling diseases can wind up harder. It is imperative that after the infusion has been utilized it is arranged straightaway in the correct zone and this is the individual from staff’s obligation to do as such. On the off chance that this isn’t done then the administration clients and staff are in danger of microscopic organisms being spread and furthermore in light of the fact that the infusions convey body liquids, for example, blood, in the event that it is passed on then the body liquids convey contaminations, for example, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C and HIV. Needles are likewise sharp and can make damage the customers and staff clients in the event that they are near and not arranged after utilize.
Inside the care home, various substances are utilized which are hazardous to the customers and staff in the event that they are utilized the wrong way. In the care home, there are numerous sorts of substances found from cleaning items to medicine. An extremely unsafe cleaning substance utilized as a part of the care home is bleach; if the dye is being abused or being utilized coincidentally it can make awful damage the individual. Bleach is full of chemicals and if it has been drunk can cause burns to the throat and the inside of your stomach is affected. Numerous senior customers may experience the ill effects of dementia and may not comprehend that it is dye and may drink it since they think it is a drink. This is the reason it is imperative that staff store it in the perfect place with a bolt so it is just gotten to when expected to prevent this unsafe substance from making hurt any of the customer’s staff.
In the event that the dangers are taken a gander at heretofore, control measures can be established which could prevent the risk from happening. Along these lines, the customers will get the chance to live in a sheltered domain without being in danger. Staff will have the capacity to work and convey their care in a sheltered situation to the customers. Likewise, when the care home is under investigation they will be given a decent notoriety which means staff will get the chance to keep their occupations and customers can live safely in the care home.

Health, safety and security issues are extremely important in health and social care sectors in order to protect patients, service users and also those working within the sectors. The country is governed by legislation and regulations to ensure that guidelines are followed to enforce safety and security within an organization. Legislation is law which has been promulgated by a legislature or other governing body. Before a piece of legislation becomes law it may be known as a bill, and may be broadly referred to as legislation while it remains under consideration to distinguish it from other business. Legislation can have many purposes: to regulate, to authorize, to proscribe, and to provide (funds), to sanction, to grant, to declare or to restrict. The Data Protection Act 1998 is an example of a piece of legislation, the purpose of the 1998 Act is to protect the fundamental rights and freedoms of living individuals, and in particular their right to privacy with respect to the processing of their personal data. It puts in place duties on employers/employees to ensure confidential and appropriate handling of ‘sensitive personal data’, sensitive personal data includes information such as a person’s name, date of birth, address, marital status, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment plan and medication. ¬†This is an act in place for employers and employees in order to protect them from getting hurt or ill at work. The employer has the responsibility to ensure the safety of their employees however the employees have certain regulations which they have to follow so they can keep safe. In a residential home, this act relates to the manager, employers and employees. This impacts also on the residents, as if the careers are in danger, it can impact on the resident. Food safety act 1990? This ensures that all food is safe to eat and seize food unfit for human consumption. It ensures that foods are being kept at the right temperature and cross contamination is prevented. This influences a care home majorly. Elderly people rely on careers to provide them with safe food. Therefore careers must ensure that the food they are providing is accepted by the food safety act. They must ensure that they follow all guidelines and policies. Manual handling operations regulations? This is put in place so workers avoid handling heavy items that could cause injury. There is following rules in place to help avoid this, for example; use lifting aids, avoid twisting body and repetitive twists and keep loads close to the body. It must also ensure that hazardous chemicals are put away in correct places. This is because it can cause danger, for example. In a nursery, leaving bleach on a low table where children can reach could cause an accident as children won’t know what they are and therefore would pick it up. They have color coded bins of which ensure that hazardous are separated as well as sharps, this promotes health and safety as the toxic waste may be flammable and therefore could not collide with other materials, which may be general waste. Civil contingencies promotes health and safety because in an emergency, different people must work together for different reasons. For example, if a fire broke out in a flat. The fire station must be called, their job is to put the fire out. The ambulance must be called, they make sure people are ok and treat them if needed. The police must be called, they work out and investigate the cause in the fire. All these organizations must work together in response to an emergency. This promotes health and safety because individuals in danger require help and attention fast, however to do this different people must work together to help prevent the individual/s and bring them to safety. When they are safe they need to ensure it doesn’t happen again. For example, this fire could be due to an arson attack, therefore, when they recover they will need to speak to the police to put a stop to it from happening again. This not only promotes safety physically, but also promotes a sense of safety emotionally and mentally.

The term risk assessment refers to an objective evaluation of risks to which end the assumptions and uncertainties are clearly put into consideration as well as presented A risk assessment is a systematic examination of a task, job or process that you carry out at work for the purpose of identifying the significant hazards, the risk of someone being harmed and deciding what further control measures you must take to reduce the risk to an acceptable level. Identifying the significant hazards that are present (a hazard is something that has the potential to cause someone harm or ill health). Deciding if what you have already done reduces the risk of someone being harmed to an acceptable level, and if not; deciding what further control measures you must take to reduce the risk to an acceptable level. Risk Assessments should also be carried out to satisfy the requirements of legislation but above all to ensure the Health ; Safety of employees. Risk assessments should always be carried out by a person who is experienced and competent to do so, competence can be expressed as a combination of Knowledge, Awareness, training, and experience. If necessary consult a more experienced member of staff or external professional help to assist with the risk assessment template.

Remember competence does not mean you have to know everything about everything, competence also means knowing when you know enough or when you should call in further expert help. A separate risk assessment should be carried out for all tasks or processes undertaken by your organization, they should be carried out before the task starts, or in the case of existing or long running tasks, as soon as is reasonably practicable.

Risk Assessments should also be reviewed on a regular basis; monthly, annually, bi-annually, depending on risk, or if something changes i.e. a new worker, a change of process or substance etc. The penalties for failing to carry out risk assessments can be strict, The Health ; Safety Executive can issue improvement or prohibition notices, this is likely to happen where an inspector find a situation with the potential to cause harm, for example an unguarded machine. If you are prosecuted and found guilty for more serious breaches i.e. one of your staff has been seriously injured, then in the magistrate court you can be fined an unlimited amount and imprisoned for up to 6 months, in Crown court fines are also unlimited and prison sentences can be up to 2 years. The lack of suitable risk assessments will weigh heavily against you.

Any incident that occurs must be reported in the correct way. For example, accidents must be recorded in the accident book with the time, date, name of the person involved and a description of the accident. If there was an injury it must be described and the treatment given must be recorded. The possible priorities and responses when dealing with incidents and emergencies such as an accidents and exposure of infection or chemicals can lead to death or serious injury. It is important to ensure the safety of people, property and environment, review of policies and procedures following critical incidents, implementing improvements for the future. If there is an accident, make sure that you keep everyone away from the place, shout for help and ask someone to who know the role of first aider. First aider will have certain qualities and skills which are very valuable and help you to deal with these situations. The principles of first aid are to preserve life, to limit the effect of the condition, to promote recovery They need to check the A (Airway) B (Breathing) C (Circulation), Keep safe, check for danger before approaching , Check casualty’s response “hello can you hear me?” Make sure the person’s airway is open by leaning their head and lifting their chin, Check for normal breathing, If breathing normally, check circulation, then place casualty in recovery position, get help and check for continued breathing, Place one hand on the forehead and gently lean the head back and lift the chin, Pinch the person’s nose, place your mouth over their mouth and, by puffing little by little, give two rescues breaths, each over on second.
If they don’t improve the consequences would be that they are putting their self and others at the risk. Exposure to Infection and Chemicals It is very important to protect yourself and other against infection and make sure that the area is safe and clean where you are cooking, or using any chemical. To protect people from exposure to infection or chemicals we need to make sure that we stop infection from spreading because it can be a risk of death. It is very important to wash hand before and after going to the toilet, eating food, after contact with blood or body fluids, touching animals and pets, and touching raw meat. To prevent infections make sure that you cover nose and mouth with a tissue when sneezing or coughing. Every time you cook something in the kitchen always clean as you go and wash surface down with hot water and detergent because it will kill the Bactria. In the care setting it is responsibility of the staff to provide correct PPE which contains aprons, masks, gloves, goggles, hat to cover hair. If any staff has any illness such as nose, skin or throat infections and sickness or diarrhea they avoid preparing food because it could also spread infection. Make sure that staff checks the expiry dates of everything in the fridge and in the cupboard because it can cause food poisoning. There is legislation for food safety. Food Safety Act 1990 was designed to ensure that every individual is following good food hygiene, so no one has a health on risk. It also aim the law is that food should be prepared in clean hygiene and correct standard. Employers need to make sure that the food they are cooking its fresh and well washed before cooking because it will kill the bacteria in the food. Kitchen need to be kept clean and tidy, especially all the surfaces. Food should be kept at the right temperature and also need to be cooked over 75oC or over.

The surface should be clean with detergent. There are other ways which infection can be spread. The washing hands will prevent yourself and others from infection. It is important you should wash your hands properly by using an anti-precipitant deodorant specially after using the toilet and before touching the food. Care workers need to wear gloves and clean clothes, nails should be clean and short, clean the surface with anti-biotic wipe or spray where you are going to cut the food. While they are cutting or cooking food you shouldn’t rub your face, or fiddle with their hair and pick spots because they are also covered with Bactria and it will cause infections. Kitchen is main area where care worker need to be more care full Bactria. Knives and cutting boards can be dirty with bacteria from raw food. It is essential to wash hands and equipment properly to reduce the chance of food becoming dirty with bacteria. It is legal duty to protect clients against infections and the risk of cross- infection in health and social care setting is high because of the vulnerability of clients. Maintaining a high level of personal hygiene will help to reduce the chance of developing infection. The full environment should be clean and out of danger. In the setting all the hand rails should be kept clean and free from Bactria. The floors need to be free of dust, grit, litter and chewing gums etc. If there is any body fluid on the floor it should be clean with detergent as soon as possible by wearing correct PPE. It will help you to stop spreading bacterial infection.¬†