Born: March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Wurttemberg, Germany
Died: April 18, 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey, USA
In 1886 Albert Einstein began his school career in Munich, Germany. He studied mathematics, in particular calculus. In 1895 Einstein failed an exam, which would have allowed him to become an electrical engineer at the Eidgenossische Technische Hochschole in Zurich. Upon the failing of the entrance exam to the ETH, Einstein attended a secondary school at Aarau planning to use this route to enter the ETH in Zurich. By 1901 he had a temporary job teaching mathematics at a Technical High School in Winterthur. In 1905, Einstein earned a doctorate from the University of Zurich for his thesis On a new determination of molecular dimensions.
In the first of three pages, all written in 1905, Einstein examined the discovery of Max Planck, according to which electromagnetic energy seemed to be emitted from radiating objects in discrete quantities. The energy of these quanta was directly proportional to the frequency of the radiation. Einstein used Planck?s quantum hypothesis to describe the electromagnetic radiation of light.
Einstein?s second paper proposed what is today called the Special Theory of Relativity.
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